Myanmar is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh. One-third of Burma’s total perimeter of 1,930 kilometres (1,200 miles) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
Its population of over 60 million makes it the world’s 24th most populous country and, at 676,578 km2 (261,227 sq mi), it is the world’s 40th largest country and the second largest in Southeast Asia.
Myanmar’s culture is largely a result of heavy Indian influences intertwined with local traditions and some Chinese influences. This can be seen in the various stupas and temples throughout the country, which bear a distinct resemblance to those in northern India.Like neighbouring Thailand, Theravada Buddhism is the single largest religion, and even some of the most remote villages will have a village temple for people to pray at. Other religions which exist in smaller numbers include Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.
The dominant ethnic group in Myanmar is known as the Bamar, from which the original English name of the country, Burma, was derived. Besides the Bamar, Myanmar is also home to many minority ethnic groups and nationalities which have their own distinct cultures and languages.In addition to the native ethnic minorities, Myanmar is also home to ethnic Chinese and Indians whose ancestors migrated to Myanmar during the colonial period, most visible in the cities of Yangon and Mandalay.
Generally speaking, most Burmese people are incredibly friendly and polite, and will do their best to make you feel welcome in their country.
Burmese is the mother tongue of official language in Myanmar. Some of the races have their own language. They are Kachin, Kayar, Mon, Chin and so on.
- Buddhism 98%
- Islam 4%
- Christianity 4%
- Others 2%
- Traditional Animistic 1%
- 4thJanuary – Independence day
- 12thJanuary – Karen New Year
- 12thFebruary – Union Day of Myanmar
- 2nd March – Peasants Day
- 26thMarch – Full Moon Day of Tabaung
- 27thMarch – Armed Forces Day
- 12th-21st April – New Year Water Festival
- 1st May – Labor Day
- 24thMay – Full Moon Festival
- 19thJuly – Martyrs’ Day
- 22thJuly – Full Moon Day of Waso
- 19thOctober – Full Moon Day of Thadinkyut
- 18thNovember – Full Moon Day of Dasoungmone
- 27thNovember – National Day of Myanmar
- 25thDecember – Christmas